Conveying of salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh

Conveying of salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh
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Conveying of salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Feb 23, 2021

QUESTION:

Is the conveying of salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam established from the early eras of Islam and the pious predecessors or is it an invention of the latter peoples?
ANSWER:

Conveying salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam is established from the early eras of Islam and the pious predecessors.
The following is mentioned in the commentary of Ihyā’ ‛Ulūm ad-Dīn:

وإن كان قد أوصی بتبليغ سلام من أحد أحبابہ فليقل بعد الدعاء: السلام عليک يا رسول
الله من فلان بن فلان أو فلانة بنت فلانة، فقد جر ی ذلک العمل فی السلف والخلف،
وکانت الملوک تبرد لتبليغ السلام بريدا لينوب عنہ في إبلاغ السلام. روي ذلک عن عمر
بن عبد العزيز بأن يبرد البريد من الشام يقول: سلم لي على رسول الله صلى الله عليه
وسلم، أخرجہ ابن الجوزي في مئيرالعزم.وھذہ أخبار فيما جاء فی السلام عليہ صلى الله
عليه وسلم عن أبي ھريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ما من
1.أحد يسلم علي إلا رد الله علي روحي حتى أرد عليہ، أخرجہ أبو داود

If a person is requested to convey salām by one of his friends, he must say after the du‛ā’: “Peace be to you O Rasūlullāh from such and such person who is the son or daughter of such and such person.” This has been a practice of past and latter peoples. Kings of the past used to send couriers to convey salām on their behalf. It is related with regard to ‛Umar ibn ‛Abd al-‛Azīz rahimahullāh who used to appoint a courier and send him from Syria. He would say to him: “Convey salām on my behalf to Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam.” This is in addition to the Ahādīth on extending salām to Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam. Abū Hurayrah radiyallāhu ‛anhu narrates that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam said: “When any person extends salām to me, Allāh ta‛ālā returns my soul to me so that I can reply to him.”

Shifā’ as-Siqām:

وکذلک أبو منصور الكرماني من الحنفية قال: إن كان أحد أوصاک بتبليغ السلام تقول:
السلام عليک يا رسول الله من فلان بن فلان يستشفع بک إ لَ ربک بالرحمة والمغفرة
2.فاشفع لہ

Abū Mansūr al-Kurmānī who is a Hanafī scholar said: If anyone requests you to convey salām on his behalf you must say: “Peace be to you O Rasūlullāh from such and such person who is the son of such and such person. He requests your intercession for mercy and forgiveness before Allāh ta‛ālā, so intercede on his behalf.”

Sharh as-Sudūr contains the following narration:

أخرج ابن ماجة والطبراني والبيھقي فی البعث بسند حسن عن عبد الرحمن بن كعب بن
مالک قال: لما حضرت كعبا الوفاة أتتہ أم بشر بنت البراء فقالت: يا أبا عبد الرحمن إن
لقيت فلانا فاقرئہ مني السلام. فقال: يغفر الله لک يا أم بشر نحن أشغل من ذلک. فقالت:
أما سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: إن نسمة المؤمن تسرح فی الجنة حيث
3.شاء ت ونسمة الكافر في سجين. قال: قلت: ب لى ھو ذلک

When Ka‛b ibn Mālik radiyallāhu ‛anhu was on his deathbed, Umm Bishr bint al-Barrā’ came to him and said: “O Abū ‛Abd ar-Rahmān! When you meet such and such person [in the other world], you must convey my salām to him.” Ka‛b said: “May Allāh forgive you O Umm Bishr! We are more occupied with other things.” She said: “Did you not hear Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam saying: ‘The soul of a believer moves around Paradise wherever it likes, while the soul of an unbeliever is imprisoned’?” He replied: “Indeed, that is true.”

We learn from the above Hadīth that salām can be conveyed to a deceased person via another who is about to leave this world. Thus, it will be more proven in favour of one who is alive, especially when it is to convey salām at the pure grave of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam because he is alive in his grave. Since it is permissible to convey salām to a living person, it will be permissible to convey salām to Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa Sallam.

The above quoted texts demonstrate that this was also the practice of the pious predecessors. Hadrat ‛Umar ibn ‛Abd al-‛Azīz and Hadrat Imām Abū Hanīfah rahimahullāh are both from the early eras from whom it is established that conveying salām at the grave of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam is not a practice innovated by the latter generations.

Allāh ta‛ālā knows best.

REFERENCE:

1. اتحاف السادة المتقين بشرح احياء علوم الدين: ۴ / ۴۱۹

2. شفاء السقام، ص: ۶۶
3. شرح الصدور، باب مقر الارواح: ۳۹ ، ص: ۲۲۸

 

 

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