Donating blood while fasting

Donating blood while fasting
Questions & Answers

Donating blood while fasting

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Mar 29, 2021

Question:

A sick person is in need of blood. If a fasting person donates the blood,
will his fast be invalidated?

Answer:

Donating blood while fasting does not invalidate the fast. However, if

there is the danger that the donor will feel weak and not be able to
continue with the fast, then it will be makruh.

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam used to practise cupping while in
ihram and also while fasting… Hadrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu ‛anhu was
asked: “Did you [Sahabah] dislike cupping for a fasting person?” He replied:
“Only if it caused physical weakness.”

Fasting breaks on account of things or substances which enter the
body and not on account of what leaves the body. Only vomiting is the
exception where it does break the fast in certain instances. Thus,
donating blood does not invalidate the fast. It is established that
Rasulullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam had cupping done to himself
while he was fasting. Cupping was a medical practice through which
harmful blood was removed from the body. There is therefore no
objection to extracting blood whether for a blood test or to donate it
to a sick person. However, if there is a danger that the donor will not
be able to continue his fast, and he is also not under compulsion to
donate the blood, then it will be makruh. It is in the light of this
precaution that Rasulullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam disliked cupping
while fasting. After all, everyone does not have the same level of
physical tolerance, and the danger remains that a person may not be
able to continue his fast.1

Allah ta‛ala knows best.

REFERENCE:

1 Kitab al- Fatawa, vol. 3, p. 400.

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