Introduction, The Islamic Calendar

Introduction, The Islamic Calendar
Questions & Answers, The Islamic Calendar

Introduction, The Islamic Calendar

  • masjidmuhammad
  • Aug 16, 2021

Living in the West, we are all familiar with the Gregorian Calendar, the years, the months, even the dates which are significant to Christians. The real question is, how many of us are familiar with the Islamic Calendar?

Can we say that we know the significant dates in Islām or the names of the months? In fact, how many of us know the current Islamic month or year? We all know when it is Ramaḍān and maybe Dhul Ḥijjah, but what about the other months?

Consider the following:

• A child reaches adulthood in Islām on their 15th Islamic birthday if they haven’t experienced any of the natural signs.

• Our Charity – Zakāt is payable every Islamic Year
• Our obligatory fasting – Ṣaum begins on the 1st of Ramaḍān & ends on the 1st of Shawwāl
• Our obligatory pilgrimage – Ḥajj takes places between the 8th and 12th of Dhul Ḥijjah

So, you can see as Muslims, it is imperative for us to familiarize ourselves with our Islamic Calendar.

I had spoken briefly on different aspects of this topic during my Tafsīr and Sīrah sessions, however, I was asked by one of my friends to prepare an article that would help people understand the subject in more detail. The purpose of this short booklet is to discuss the Islamic Calendar, and Inshā’Allāh highlight some important facts behind its origins.

We should all make the intention to learn about the Islamic Calendar and teach our children as well. The more aspects of Islām we incorporate into our daily lives, the more significant the years, months and days will become as well as the events that took place on them or take place every year.

For the second edition, I have added a section under each month containing significant dates. These could be dates where important historical events took place or are relevant from a Sharʿī perspective.

I pray that this section also helps some of our scholars in giving them ideas for preparing the relevant material for their Friday sermons. It is always a challenge preparing new material for each talk, however, there are certain times of the year, when the congregation needs to be reminded and informed of rulings pertaining to current events, i.e., Ramaḍān, Eid etc. This material could then be reused for future talks.

A good way to keep familiar with the Sīrah of Rasūlullāh is to learn what events happened in which month. For this I have used the book ‘Khulāṣatul Bahiyyah’ by Shaykh Waḥīd ibn ʿAbdus Salām Bāliyyi and added information for the relevant events on a monthly basis rather than which year they occurred, however, I have added the year as a reference. If the date has been left blank, then the event occurred sometime during that month. I have not included all the events, as this would merit a whole book, however, I have included those which people may be familiar with as well as those which could be used as a subject for a sermon.

Finally, I would like to thank my dear classmate Maulānā Adil from Canada for his valuable input in this booklet. May Allāh give us all the ability to learn about our beautiful religion of Islām and make it part of our lives.

Ebrahim Noor –

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