It is not possible for the crescent to be sighted in the morning in the east and in the evening in the west

It is not possible for the crescent to be sighted in the morning in the east and in the evening in the west
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It is not possible for the crescent to be sighted in the morning in the east and in the evening in the west

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Mar 15, 2021

Question:
‛Allamah Shami rahimahullah states that it is possible in a certain
region for the crescent to be sighted in the morning in the east before
sunrise, and in the evening in the west. Nowadays, some regions do
make claims that they saw the crescent in the morning and also after
sunset in the evening. Is this possible? The text of ‛Allamah Shami
rahimahullah reads as follows:

Answer
In the light of past and present statements of astronomers, exegetes
and their experiences, it is not possible for the crescent to be sighted
in the morning in the east and in the evening in the west. This is
because the moon most certainly gets concealed for at least two days.
Together with being an expert in the fields of Hadith and
jurisprudence, the mufti of Baghdad, ‛Allamah ĀlBsi rahimahullah, was
an expert in the field of astronomy. He writes:

In other words, apart from 28 days, there are two days for the
disappearance of the moon and its reappearance.
The marginal notes of Jalalayn quotes from Kamalayn that the moon
goes into concealment for two days and sometimes for three days.
Jalalayn:

The following is stated in the marginal note to the above text:

In emulating the view of Imam Baghaw3 rahimahullah, ‛Allamah SuyBti
rahimahullah states: In reality, the moon is concealed for two days
when the month is of 29 days, and for three days when it is of 30 days.
He writes at the end:

A Hadith states:

Rasulullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam asked a person: “Did you fast at
the end of Sha’ban on the day when the moon is concealed?” He
replied: “No.” Rasululluh sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam said: “When
Ramadan comes to an end, you must keep one or two fasts.”

Imam Nawawi rahimahullah, quoting on the authority of Auza‛i
rahimahullah, Abu ‛Ubayd rahimahullah and several other scholars
states in Sharh Muslim that this refers to the last part of the month.

In the light of these texts and references, we cannot understand the
point made by ‛Allamah Shami rahimahullah. It is possible that like
some of our countrymen or like Saudi Arabia, this is popularly believed
in Syria as well. It is also possible that he said this in emulation of
Shams Raml3. But the reality is what was said above.

Some details on this issue are mentioned by Muhtaram ‛Abd al-Mun‛im
Sahib in his book A‛dal al-Aqwal.

Ahsan al-Fatawa:

If the moon is sighted on a certain day in the east in the morning, it is
impossible to sight the crescent on that day or the day after it. This is
because during such days, the moon sets before the setting of the sun.
Sometimes, the Saudi government makes an announcement of
sighting the crescent on that very day.1

To sum up, as per the statement of the author of Jalalayn, it is
inevitable that the moon will be concealed for at least one day. And
according to the statements of the author of Kamalayn and ‛Allamah
Ālusi rahimahullah, it will certainly be concealed for two days. Thus, it
is not possible to sight the moon in the morning in the east and in the
evening in the west.

Allah ta‛ala knows best.

REFERENCE:

1 Ahsan al-Fatawa, vol. 4, p. 417.

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