Referring to Rasūlullāh as yā “Sāhib az-Zamān”

Referring to Rasūlullāh as yā “Sāhib az-Zamān”
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Referring to Rasūlullāh as yā “Sāhib az-Zamān”

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Feb 24, 2021

QUESTION:

Is it permissible to address Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam as “As-salāmu ‛alayka yā Sāhib az-Zamān”?

ANSWER:

This sentence contains polytheism or an inkling of polytheism because it would mean that he is the owner of time and the one who has an influence over it. Such a statement should therefore not be made. Abū Dāwūd contains the following Hadīth:

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يؤذيني ابن آدم يسب الدهر وأنا
1.الدهر، بيدي الأمر أقلب الليل والنهار

Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam said: Allāh ta‛ālā said: “Man hurts Me when he speaks ill of time while I am time. I have absolute control over everything. I turn the night and day.”

This Hadīth is explained in Badhl al-Majhūd as follows:

أنا الدہر: ا ی أنا خالق الدہر ومقلبہ.
:والحاصل: أن في تاويلہ ثلاثة أوجہ
.أحدہا: أن المراد بقولہ إن الله ہو الدہر ا ی المدبر للأمور

.ثانيہا: أنہ على حذف ا ی صاحب الدہر

.ثالثہا: التقدير مقلب الدہر ولذلک عقبہ بقولہ بيدی الليل والنہار

قال المحققون: من نسب شئيا من الأفعال إلَ الدہر حقيقة كفر ومن جری ھذا اللفظ
على لسانہ غير معتقد لذلک فليس بكافر يكرہ لہ ذلک لشبہہ بأہل الكفر فی الإطلاق
2.وہو نحو التفصيل الماضي في قولہم: مطرنا بكذا

I am time. That is, I am the Creator of time and the One who changes it…

Three explanations are given:

He is the planner of all matters.

He is the owner of time.

He is the turner of time. This is why He follows it by the words: “I turn the night and day.”

The scholars say: Anyone who attributes any action to time while really believing that time has done it has become an unbeliever. As for the one who merely says it out of habit without really believing in it, he is not an unbeliever but it is reprehensible to say such things because he is likened to the unbelievers.

In short, it is not permissible to apply such words to Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam in which there is a notion of polytheism. One should therefore abstain from saying “As-salāmu ‛alayka yā Sāhib az-Zamān”.

Allāh ta‛ālā knows best.

REFERENCE:

1. رواه أبو داؤد: 2 \ 715 ، ط: فيصل

1. بذل المجہود فی حل أبي داود: ۱۳ / ۶۶۲ ، ط: دار البشائر الإسلامية

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