The Days of Tashriq

The Days of Tashriq
10 Days Of Dhul Hijjah

The Days of Tashriq

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Jul 15, 2021

What are Days of Tashriq?

The three days following ʿEīd al-Aḍḥā are the Days of
Tashrīq (the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul Ḥijjah). Allah
describes these days as ‘the Appointed or Numbered
Days’: “Remember Allah during the Appointed/Numbered
Days.” (2:203)

They are also known as the ‘Days of Mina’ as pilgrims
reside in Mina during these days.

These days are included among the days of ʿEīd and are
from the greatest days of the year. The Messenger of
Allah said: “The greatest day in the sight of Allah is
the day of Naḥr (10th of Dhul Ḥijjah) and then the day of
Qarr (11th of Dhul Ḥijjah).” (Abū Dāwūd)

The 11th is known as the day of Qarr because the
pilgrims reside in Mina for worship (qarra means to
reside), whilst Naḥr is in reference to the slaughtering of
the animal.
According to the predominant opinion, these three days
(10th -12th) are specified for slaughtering the sacrificial
animals and glorifying Allah.

Why are they called the Days of Tashriq?

The word ‘tashrīq’ takes its name, according to the
most common view, from a process used to preserve
meat. Prior to the advent of the refrigeration system, the
pilgrims would cut up the qurbānī meat, season it and
then let it dry in the sun. This process allowed them to
preserve the meat for future consumption and take it
with them on their journey home.

Days of Eating and Drinking

The Messenger of Allah said: “The days of
Tashrīq are the days of eating, drinking and the
remembrance of Allah.” (Muslim)

The above ḥadīth indicates that eating and drinking
during the days of Eid should help us to remember
Allah and obey Him.

He (s.a.w) also said: “The day of ʿArafah (9th Dhul Ḥijjah), the
day of Naḥr (10th Dhul Ḥijjah) and the Days of Tashrīq
(11th, 12th, 13th Dhul Ḥijjah) are our ʿEīd, the people of
Islam and they are days of eating and drinking.” (Nasā’ī).

Prohibition of Fasting

As the Days of Tashrīq are days of celebration for the
believers, fasting is prohibited during these days. The
Messenger of Allah said: “Do not fast in these days for
they are the days of eating, drinking and remembrance
of Allah.” (Aḥmad)

The wisdom behind the prohibition of fasting and the
command of eating and drinking is noteworthy. After
the pilgrims endure difficulty and hardship during the
days of ḥajj, Allah hosts and prepares days of rest and
happiness for them. Similarly, non-pilgrims also join them
in this celebration after going out of their way during the
blessed 10 days of Dhul Ḥijjah to fast, perform qurbānī,
abundantly remember Allah and seek His forgiveness.
Hence, all the believers become guests of the Almighty,
and it is not befitting of a host to allow his guests to
starve. It is similar to the happiness which believers
experience on ʿEīd al-Fiṭr after fasting the entire month
of Ramaḍān.

The journey of ḥajj symbolises the journey of life.
Pilgrims enter a state of sanctity (iḥrām) whereby they
are prohibited from certain activities. In the same way,
a believer is prohibited from pursuing his desires and
transgressing the limits set by Allah.

Just as a pilgrim exercises patience and is then hosted
by Allah during his stay in Mina, a true believer will
likewise tolerate the trials of this abode and then enjoy
everlasting happiness in the Hereafter. It will be said to
the residents of Paradise:

“Eat and drink in satisfaction, for what you have
formerly done in the days gone by.” (68:24)

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