The six fasts of Shawwāl in the light of Ahādīth and juridical texts

The six fasts of Shawwāl in the light of Ahādīth and juridical texts
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The six fasts of Shawwāl in the light of Ahādīth and juridical texts

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Apr 06, 2021

Question:

I require an investigation on the six fasts of Shawwal in the light of
Ahadith and juridical texts.

Answer:

The virtue of the six fasts of Shawwal is established from Ahadith. A
few are quoted below:

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛Alayhi wa Sallam said: The person who fasts the month
of Ramadan and follows it with six fasts in Shawwal is like a person who kept
fast for the whole year.

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛Alayhi wa Sallam said: The person who keeps six fasts
after ‛id al-fitr is like one who kept fast for the whole year. A person who does
one good receives the reward for it ten-fold.

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛Alayhi wa Sallam said: The person who keeps the fast of
Ramadan and follows it with six fasts in Shawwal comes out of his sins like the
day his mother gave birth to him.

The jurists also classify these fasts as mustahab:

The six fasts of Shawwal are popularly known as shash ‛id. It is stated in
ad-Durr al-Mukhtar that it is better and mustahabb to keep them
separately over the month. At the same time, it is not makruh to keep
them consecutively.

Islami Fiqh:

It is also Sunnah to keep the six fasts of Shawwal.
Hadrat Maulana Zafar Ahmad ‛Uthmani rahimahullah classifies these
six fasts as mustahabb in his magnum opus I‛la’ as-Sunan (vol. 9, p. 177).
He then has a chapter titled The Chapter on the Desirability of the Six Fasts
of Shawwal and quotes a Hadith in support of it.

In his al-Fiqh al-Islami Wa Adillatuhu, a famous and erudite scholar of
our times, Dr Wahbah Zuhayli, lists those fasts which are unanimously
classified as mustahabb by the Imams. While listing them, he lists the
six fasts of Shawwal under number four. The clear meaning of this is
that the scholars of all four juridical schools concur that these six fasts
are mustahabb. His text reads as follows:

Allah ta‛ala knows best.

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