Using a certain Hadīth to prove that a woman can travel without a mahram

Using a certain Hadīth to prove that a woman can travel without a mahram
Questions & Answers

Using a certain Hadīth to prove that a woman can travel without a mahram

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  • masjidmuhammad
  • Jul 07, 2021

Question:

Can a woman travel for hajj without a mahram, bearing in mind that a
certain Hadith states that a woman will travel from Iraq to Makkah
having to fear none apart from Allah ta‛ala?

Answer:

A woman cannot undertake a Shar‛i journey without a mahram. There
is no leeway for this from the Shari‛ah. Therefore, she is not permitted
to travel without a mahram even for hajj. This prohibition is proven
from the Hadith. (Yes, certain seniors say that if there is no fear of
tribulation for a very old woman to travel without a mahram, and she
will not be intermingling with strange people and being in privacy
with them, there is leeway for her to travel with a group of ladies).

Observe the following Hadith:

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam said: It is not permissible for a
woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to undertake a journey which is
three days and more unless she is accompanied by her father, son, husband,
brother or any other mahram.

The Hadith which you make reference to in your question reads as
follows:

…You will see a woman travelling from al-Hiyarah until she comes and
performs tawaf of the Ka‛bah having to fear none apart from Allah.
The answer to the above Hadith is that the objective is to demonstrate
peace and security, and not to give permission to women to travel
without a mahram. From the beginning of this Hadith, Rasulullah
sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam was foretelling certain things to Hadrat
‛Adiyy ibn Hatim radiyallahu ‛anhu – that there will come a time when
there will be so much of peace and security that a woman will be able
to travel from Hiyarah to Makkah without any fear and danger, except
for her fear of Allah ta‛ala. In other words, there will be so much of
peace and security that it is beyond one’s imagination. Furthermore,
there are many examples from the treasure of Ahadith where one
thing is mentioned, while the objective is something completely
different. Take the following example:

…Ras’lullah sallallahu ‛alayhi wa sallam said: I take an oath in the name of
the Being in whose control is my life, if you do not commit sins, Allah ta‛ala will
put an end to you and bring another nation which will commit sins, seek
Allah’s forgiveness, and He will forgive them.

The objective of this Hadith is not to relate the virtue of sinning or to
prompt us towards sinning. Rather, it is to demonstrate how beloved
repentance is in the sight of Allah ta‛ala. As for sinning itself, its
repugnance, danger and the fact that it is rebellion against Allah ta‛ala
are to be found in other Ahadith.

(Another explanation of the Hadith which you made reference to in
your question in the light of what Hadrat Maulana Anwar Shah Sahib
rahimahullah wrote could be this: In the absence of tribulation, there is
leeway for a woman to travel on her own. This will be explained
further on).

Allah ta‛ala knows best.

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